Hundred’s year war: A war that lasted over a hundred years between France and England. 1337-1453. This war slowed down the movement in new ideas and technology because all their effort was held into fighting each other. In turn, the progress of northern Europe was slow.
Italian City States: The city states were individual states that were functioning on their own. They were in the best location for resources and trade because of the environment of Italy. They had to keep fighting other countries because everyone wanted to have an Italian city state.
Crusades: The crusades were a series of fights between the Roman Catholic Church and other religions. The Church was trying to eliminate other religions and was mostly focused on fighting the Muslims. These series of wars lasted many years and casualties. However, they helped start the Renaissance.
The Church: The church was the most powerful group in all of Europe. Almost everyone followed it and the ones who didn’t were taken care of by the church. They collected a large amount of tax for church taxes and were making tons of money. The pope was the leader of the church and lived in Rome for the most part.
Renaissance art ideas: The new ideas brought over from Asia started the Renaissance ideas and changed their perspective on art. Also, the many wealthy people were investing in art and it was rapidly growing.
Power of City States: It seems very logical to have all the city states form together and make a united large country. However, the leaders and rulers did not want this to happen. They were very rich and loved enjoying the power because they did not have nobility so this was their gateway in. The city states’ leaders would have rather kept everything and run itself.
Art Ideas: New oil painting techniques were being developed and could make paintings very realistic.
The Book the Courtier: This book taught of how to become a Courtier and certain traits that are needed. Advice is also given.
The Black Death: The plague wiped out about half the population in Europe. It started from southern Europe and spread north. It caused lots of suffering to people and sorrow because many families were being broken apart.